[:en]This is a synthesis report of case studies of past coal mining transitions in Spain, U.K., the Netherlands, Poland, U.S., and the Czech Republic – some as far back as the 1970’s. Key messages: the sooner the problems of necessary transition are addressed, the better; and while expensive, transition costs are cheaper than ignoring the needs of declining communities and displaced workers. While the level of cost details varies in the case studies, it is clear that costs are significant. For example, the case study of Limburg, Netherlands states that the national government spent approximately 11.6 billion Euros (in today’s prices) on national subsidies to support coal prices and regional reconversion, in addition to several 100 million per year in EU funds. “One estimate also suggested that in the Dutch case, all told, regional reinvestment in new economic activities also cost about 300 to 400 000€/per long-term job created.” Limburg is also cited as “remarkable for the relatively consensual nature of the transition between unions, company and government.” Part of ‘Coal Transitions: Research and Dialogue on the Future of Coal’ Project.[:]
Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI); Climate Strategies
Copyright retained by the creator. Reproduced by ACW with permission of Climate Strategies, August 2017.